Could the socio-economic duty be a way to reduce inequalities in the UK?

SDG-10This piece was published in UKSSD blog. (Image credited to UKSSD)

The UK Government committed to reducing inequalities through Sustainable Development Goal 10. Three years later things aren’t on track but is the socio-economic duty the solution we need? Koldo Casla from Just Fair explains. 

By signing up to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, among other things, the UK Government committed to reducing inequalities.

The SDGs, with their 17 Goals and 169 Targets, set the world on a trajectory where we have eradicated poverty, reduced inequalities, halted the loss of biodiversity and combatted catastrophic climate change. Some call them an action plan for the world. But as our chapter on SDG 10 in Measuring up shows, three years later the UK’s chances of hitting the targets on reducing inequalities by 2030 are not looking too good.

Three reasons why the UK will struggle to reduce inequalities

  1. Between one in five and one in four people earn less than 60% of the median income in the UK. This has barely changed since 2010, and things are not likely to improve as income inequality is projected to rise in the coming years.
  1. Although wealth inequality (the ownership of assets, including property) contracted between 1997 and 2007, it is now going up as a result of the decreased access to home ownership and because land values are growing faster than the economy. The richest 1,000 people are wealthier than the poorest 40% of households.
  1. Tax and social security cuts introduced since 2012 have had a particularly severe effect on people on low incomes. Black and ethnic minority households, families with at least one disabled member, and lone parents (who are overwhelmingly women) have suffered disproportionately. According to the Equality and Human Rights Commission, as a result of the tax and welfare reforms households in the bottom 20-30 per cent have lost more than twice as much as those in the top 20 per cent. At this pace, in four years from now 1.5 million more children will live in poverty.

The UK has a strong legal framework to prevent discrimination, we just need to use it Continue reading “Could the socio-economic duty be a way to reduce inequalities in the UK?”

Advertisements

Giving indicators and benchmarks a human face

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Damp, dirty and dangerous: Here’s how the government is housing homeless children

Kids View Baby Sad Child Toys Double-decker BoyThis article was published in Left Foot Forward.

Report shows how government and local authorities are failing thousands of vulnerable kids in Britain by shoving them into B&Bs and forgetting all about them.

There are over 120,000 homeless children in England.

And while children’s housing rights are proclaimed in a number of international treaties endorsed by the UK, human rights acquire true meaning when statistics and international standards give way to life experience.

And that is why the new report by the Children’s Rights Alliance for England (CRAE) is so welcome. The report exposes the problem of housing children in temporary accommodation like B&Bs for extended periods. Continue reading “Damp, dirty and dangerous: Here’s how the government is housing homeless children”

Why human rights campaigning needs to change more than just its framing

640px-Housing_Is_A_Human_Right_0

This article was published in Open Democracy UK

The problem is not how we speak – it’s who we are.

Human rights campaigning in the UK, where I am writing this from, is shifting from finger pointing to emotional appeals. In this post-factual world of fake news, trolls and bots, simply uncovering human rights violations no longer works as effectively as it used to. A new approach is needed because connecting with people’s hearts is more urgent than ever.

One persuasively articulated new approach is that not everyone is the same – and thus, framing is crucial. This approach notes how some people support human rights messages whatever the package they come in, whilst others will always oppose human rights. And some, possibly the majority, do not have anything against the idea of human rights or against their champions, but remain sceptical or distant, or simply have not cared enough to make up their minds yet. This third group should be human rights’ target audience because they will tip the scales in one direction or the other. This tribe has a cracking name that matches their super heroic responsibility: The ‘persuadables’.

To reach out to the persuadables human rights groups are urged by the re-framers to change the conversation. Based on neuroscience and cognitive linguistics, campaigners must communicate hope over fear, they must tell stories that speak to emotions and humanity. Facts and figures are useful with your loyal friends. Feelings work better with the persuadables, or so says the theory.

I admire the zeal to reassess what works and what doesn’t. It is good news that the sector is paying more attention to public opinion here and abroad.

But I think we risk hitting a target by missing the point. Continue reading “Why human rights campaigning needs to change more than just its framing”

Nadie debería tener miedo de ir a clase

Persons hand filming two schoolboys fighting in school corridor with mobile phone, Bavaria, GermanyEste artículo fue publicado en el Huffington Post como avance de la investigación en curso sobre acoso escolar en España

“Después de todo, ¿dónde comienzan los derechos humanos? En lugares minúsculos, muy cerca de casa. Son tan cercanos y tan pequeños esos sitios que no son visibles en ningún mapa del mundo. Aún así, conforman el mundo de toda persona: el vecindario en el que vive, la escuela o universidad a la que asiste; la fábrica, granja u oficina donde trabaja.”

Son palabras de Eleanor Roosevelt, una de las madres de la Declaración Universal de 1948. Su papel fue clave para el desarrollo del derecho internacional el siglo pasado. Pero estas palabras suyas reconocen que donde verdaderamente se la juegan los derechos humanos no es en Ginebra, en Estrasburgo o en Nueva York; es en la distancias cortas.

En el cole o en el instituto, por ejemplo.

El desarrollo de la personalidad, la no discriminación, la libertad individual, la igualdad de género y el respeto a los derechos humanos son principios fundamentales del sistema educativo. No lo digo yo. Lo dice la Ley Orgánica de Educación.

Sin embargo, para miles de niños y niñas estas palabras suenan huecas. Adolescentes de toda España sufren acoso escolar de forma cotidiana, y las políticas públicas les están fallando poniendo sus derechos en juego.

El bullying o acoso escolar se define como una agresión física, verbal o relacional, intencionada y repetida en el tiempo, y en la que subyace un desequilibrio de poder real o aparente que impide a la víctima defenderse.

Es un tema de derechos humanos y por eso Amnistía Internacional está llevando a cabo su primera investigación sobre el tema a nivel mundial. Y la estamos haciendo en España. Continue reading “Nadie debería tener miedo de ir a clase”

El deseo para el hombre; la heroicidad para la mujer

Indignación por la sentencia de "La manada"Este artículo fue publicado en El Huffington Post.

No voy a comentar el criterio de la mayoría de la Sección Segunda de la Audiencia Provincial de Navarra.

Respecto al Código Penal diré que ya es hora de escribir en el BOE que sin consentimiento el sexo no es tal sino violación.

Quisiera eso sí llamar la atención sobre estas palabras del extenso voto particular del magistrado que, como me decía una amiga hoy, ya les ha preparado el recurso a los acusados. El Ilustrísimo Señor Don Ricardo Javier González González les habría absuelto al no encontrar en las imágenes de la joven ‘atisbo alguno de oposición, rechazo, disgusto, asco, repugnancia, negativa, incomodidad, sufrimiento, dolor, miedo, descontento, desconcierto o cualquier otro sentimiento similar’ (página 245 de la sentencia).

Este es el mensaje que recibo como hombre al leer este y otros párrafos del voto discrepante: Puedo dar por hecho que la mujer que yo anhele en cada momento consentirá a no ser que exprese claramente su rechazo. Continue reading “El deseo para el hombre; la heroicidad para la mujer”

International rights are only as good as the national mechanisms that protect them

PA-7018580-1600x900This article was published in Open Democracy UK.

In June 2016, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights reproached the UK Government its failure to reconcile austerity with international human rights law. The Committee made 60 recommendations in areas such as housing, equality law, social security and public health.

According to international law, the Government must comply with international obligations and engage with international human rights bodies in good faith.

However, in February 2017 the Ministry of Justice announced that it did not intend to report before June 2021 on the implementation (or lack thereof) of the UN’s recommendations.

Slightly over a year later, it is encouraging to see that the Ministry of Justice will be represented at a high level today in an event co-organised by Just Fair and the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) to examine precisely what progress the UK has made in relation to economic and social rights since the UN’s report of 2016. Continue reading “International rights are only as good as the national mechanisms that protect them”